What is Best Metal Detector for Beginners?

Marc McDermott

Are you looking to get into metal detecting as a hobby and struggling to figure out which is the best metal detector for beginners? 

We highly recommend the Fisher F22 to beginners. Whether you’re just starting out, or looking for a backup machine, the F22 boasts technology not normally found in entry-level detectors.

While we recommend the F22 to most beginners, we recognize that not everyone is in the same boat when it comes to their intended use, skill level, and budget.

Here are some other beginner metal detectors to consider:

In this “no BS” article, you’ll learn what is the best beginner metal detector so you can stop tearing your hair out and start finding treasure!

Fisher F22

The Fisher F22 recently succeeded the popular Fisher F2 and is my personal favorite entry-level machine.

The biggest advantage to the F22 is that it is rain-proof and has a feature called iron-audio (two features not normally found on entry-level machines).

The weatherproof feature means the control box is waterproof to the rain, but cannot be submerged in water.

Iron Audio is an awesome feature that I like to describe as ‘calling the bluff of bottle caps’. Many times targets like bottle caps can trick your detector into thinking it’s a coin.

But iron audio will emit a separate audio tone that tells you there is some level of iron in the target and not to dig. Again, not a feature found on most entry-level machines.

These also come with a five-year warranty which is one of the best in the industry.

Check out my in-depth review of the Fisher F22 here.​

Click here for latest pricing and to read customer reviews.​

Things to consider

How serious are you about metal detecting?

All of the content in this article is geared toward folks who are serious about getting started in this amazing hobby.

It’s not intended for those who just want to buy a cheap detector from Walmart.

Understand that there is a significant difference between real metal detectors, and toy metal detectors. Generally speaking, any machine priced under $150 is considered a toy.

Toy machines are intended for folks who just want to muck around now and then on their summer vacation. While there’s nothing wrong with that, it’s not the focus of this article.

If you’ve decided that you’re serious about getting into metal detecting, after you read this post you should check out my Ultimate Guide to Metal Detecting here.​

What do you want to find?

If you’re serious about metal detecting, the first question you need to ask yourself when choosing a metal detector is, “what do I want to find?

Coins? Jewelry? Relics? Gold nuggets?

The entry-level detectors we talk about in this article are built for all-purpose detecting – meaning coins, jewelry, and relics.

If you’re hunting for small gold nuggets or flakes, an entry-level machine is not going to cut it.

You’ll need a specialized gold prospecting machine like the Fisher Gold Bug Pro or Tesoro Lobo.

These machines are the most economical but if budget is not a concern, then, by all means, go for something like the Garrett ATX, Minelab GPX or Minelab GPZ.

For more on the best gold nugget machines, read our complete guide here.​

As long as you don’t plan on doing any gold prospecting, then an all-purpose entry-level machine is all you need to get started.

Once you’ve identified the type of hunting you want to do, the next question is, “where will I be doing the bulk of my detecting?”

Where will you be hunting

So this question not only pertains to where (geographically) in the country (or world) you’re located, it also relates to the types of areas you want to hunt such as beaches, rivers, lakes, etc.


Across the United States, there are areas of the country with very different soil compositions. To keep this super simple, we’re just talking about iron.

Areas like Virginia and the Pacific Northwest have higher levels of iron in their soil – often referred to as areas of ‘high mineralization’ or ‘hot ground.’

In these types of areas, entry-level machines have a tough time performing well. You’ll find that you get a lot of ‘chatter’ and false signals from the detector.

This high mineralization will cause you to walk right by good targets at depths more than a few inches.

The same is true on saltwater beaches. If you live near the coast and want to hunt beaches on the wet sand, surf and/or water, the salt will have the same effect on your machine as did the iron. See our guide here on the best beach detectors.

Bottom line? Iron and salt can wreak havoc on your entry-level machine, confuse your detector and mask good targets.

Remember, entry-level detectors are designed for the broadest set of users. And the average user does not live in Virginia, the Pacific Northwest or hunt saltwater beaches. That’s just a fact.

Metal detectors that are considered mid-level on up have features and technology built-in to combat performance issues related to iron and salt.

These machines typically start in the $500 range.


With geography out of the way, let’s dive into the landscape.

Where exactly will you spend the most time hunting?

We already talked about saltwater beaches, so let’s talk about other bodies of water like creeks, rivers, and lakes.

99.99% of metal detectors have coils that are waterproof and submersible. This means that you DO NOT need a fully waterproof machine to hunt in water.

Now the part of a detector that is NOT waterproof is the control box (except on fully waterproof machines).

In other words, you can take your ACE 300 or F22 in shallow creeks and rivers so long as you don’t get the control box wet.

Do I recommend this? No. Absolutely not.

The reason being is that the second you slip on a rock or drop your detector while digging a target, it’s toast.

So while you can certainly use an entry-level machine in shallow water, your best bet is to get something fully submersible like the Garrett AT Pro.

Next, let’s talk about some terms you need to know.

Basic metal detecting terms

As you progress in this hobby, you’re going to find that there is no shortage of terms used by manufacturers to refer to different features and technology.

Here are the most basic terms you need to know for buying an entry-level metal detector. Each one of these terms deserves their own post, so I’ll keep things short and straightforward here.


As the name implies, metal detectors detect all types of metal.
But who wants to dig up things like bottle caps, soda cans or tin foil?

Simply put, discrimination is the ability to exclude specific types of metal-based on its conductivity.

For example, if you’re only interested in finding coins (high conductivity), then you can use the discrimination setting on your detector to ignore almost all trash targets (low conductivity).

This feature is especially important when hunting in trashy areas like public parks, schools, and beaches.


Notching is a form of discrimination that allows you to cherry-pick the type of metal you want to accept and reject.

In the discrimination example above where we only wanted to find coins, notching would give us the ability to find only dimes or only quarters.

This feature is very useful if you know the exact type of target metals you’re searching for.

Digital target ID

This feature comes in a few different forms, but only two apply for entry-level detectors.

  • Notch ID
  • Number ID

Notch ID is the detector identifying a target by assigning it to a ‘category’ or range of metals based on its size and conductivity. Notch ID is found in machines like the Garrett ACE 250.

Number ID is a better form of target ID and is typically represented on a scale from 1-99. This allows for much more precise identification of targets. Low conductive trash signals may register from 0-30 while good higher conductive targets range from 30-99.

With enough practice, you’ll be able to identify your target before even digging it up!

Ground balance

As we talked about above, things like iron and salt can make your detector go nuts.

Ground Balance is a feature that allows your machine to read your exact ground conditions and cancel out the unwanted ground signals. This allows you to find and identify targets at much better depths.

This is one of the most confusing features/terms for newbies. One reason for this is that there are a few different types of ground balance.

  • Preset
  • Automatic
  • Manual

Preset ground balance is what you’ll find on most entry-level machines. Remember how we mentioned above that entry-level detectors are designed for the average user?

Well, preset ground balance is the manufacture using average ground conditions without the ability to adjust on the fly.

Automatic and manual ground balancing are not typically found on entry-level machines. These features allow the detector to read the ground conditions in real-time and adjust accordingly.

If you live in an area of the country with bad soil, you will need a machine with either automatic or manual ground balance.


This setting allows your detector to increase/decrease the depth at which it returns a signal.

Your goal is always to hunt with the highest level of sensitivity as possible for maximum depth.

But this isn’t always possible for a number of reasons. Here are just a few:

  • Highly mineralized ground
  • Power lines
  • Radio waves
  • Any electrical interference such as detecting right next to a house.

When you buy your first detector, take it out of the box and assemble it indoors. Waive it in the air and listen to it go berzerk. That’s what I mean by electrical interference.

Always start your hunt as maximum sensitivity and work your way down based on how much chatter you’re getting.


Frequency is simply a number of times your detector is pumping energy into the ground searching for a target.

This is one feature that a lot of people get overly concerned about for no good reason. They think that 7 kHz is better than 6 kHz.

The reality is that whether your machine is 5 kHz or 10 kHz, there’s not much of a real difference in performance. All entry-level detectors are in this range.

The only time you need to concern yourself with frequency is when you’re talking about high-end or specialty machines.

Now that we’ve covered some basic terms and features, let’s talk about the best metal detectors for beginners.

Final thoughts

So there you have it. The best metal detectors for beginners.

You can’t go wrong with any of these machines. If by some chance you end up not liking this hobby, these machines hold their value like crazy and can easily be resold on eBay.

Now over to you. Do you have any questions about a specific machine or any of the terms/features described in this article? Leave your comment below.

I hope this article has helped you better understand which entry-level metal detector to buy. Now go buy yours and get hunting!

Additional reading

26 thoughts on “What is Best Metal Detector for Beginners?”

  1. Thank you for creating your site and this article in particular. My wife purchased a lower end model for christmas, which I will practice with when the weather gets a little better, but your article confirmed that I need a little more of a machine. The Tesoro dealer video has me convinced. That’s a great video to highlight how to tune in the detector and also why that product brand is worth looking at. I have not even seen that one come up in my month or so of searching and reading up.

    • Thanks Mike and best of luck! Feel free to email me with any questions.

  2. I just came across your blog. It has been very informative. Thanks for providing help and ideas for beginners.

    I’m a 70 yr old retiree and I just purchased a Whites Prism 5G for $250. I’m the second owner, but the first owner fell ill right after he bought it. It has never been used, so I feel like I got a fair deal.

    I’ve never done any MDing, so I’m a complete newbie. I live in NE Oklahoma, in the Cherokee Nation, on one of our many lakes. I will be doing a lot of my detecting in this area, both in the shorelines and wooded areas. I would also like to use it on the beaches of the Florida panhandle and south Texas.

    I was hoping to find an operator’s manual for my Prism. The only thing I’ve been able to find the owners manual which doesn’t go into much on how to use the detector.

    Thanks for any advice and tips you can provide.

    Happy hunting,
    Ken Campbell

  3. Hey, thanka for writing this terrific article. I was wondering what your thoughts are on the teknetics omega 8500. This will be my first detector and would like to use it in the slot canyons of southern Utah. Any advice would be appreciated. Thanks!

    • Hey Jason thanks for your note. I haven’t used the Omega personally, but I’ve heard good things. Teknetics is a great brand – really can’t go wrong with any of their products. Good luck and happy hunting!

  4. What do you mean by BAD SOIL? when you said: “If you live in an area of the country with bad soil, you will need a machine with either automatic or manual ground balance.

    The ground I plan to search is farm land that is sandy, silt, loam, & humus rich however, will search some in nearby clay soil.

    Thank you for your great article.

    • Hi Cynthia. Thanks for your comment. I’m mainly referring to areas in the Pacific Northwest and some states in the South East which have lots of iron in the soil. There are also areas in the South like Alabama and Louisiana that has some bad red clay. Hope this helps!

  5. Great article! I’ve been gold prospecting for over a decade and I agree with your assessment of all these metal detectors and brands. In my opinion you cannot go wrong with anything from the Teknetics brand.

  6. Congratulations Mr. Orwig for your outstanding article! Would you be kind enough in order to suggest a low cost metal detector so I can use in both fresh and salt water (very shallow – max. 15 inches) for detecting mainly wedding golden rings? Note: There is no need at all to be a submersible metal detector like Garret At Pro. Thank you so much and my sincere compliments for your excellent article.

  7. Hi. Would it make sense to get a used bounty Hunter model for 30. Or will I just end up frustrated?

    • Hey Mike. Depends on the model but for $30 I’m guessing you mean the BH Jr? That’s a detector meant for kids.

  8. I was a total newbie and used the Bounty Hunter Tracker IV. I found it very easy to use. I kept i on the mode where it picks up everything. It cost around 90 bucks and I felt like it was good value for the money. Here is a video I made as a first time “detectorist”.


  9. Hi!
    I wanted to get my husband a MD for Christmas but it is overwhelming the amount of information out there! We live on 60 acres in central Virginia and he wanted to look for relics on our property. Can you recommend the best one for Virginia soil for a beginner. I’d like to be below $500.

    Thank you!!

    • Hi Diana. Great idea! In that budget range I think I’d go with something like the Garrett ACE 400.

  10. Hello Mark, I want to give my 11-yr old grandson a metal detector for Christmas. We live way out in the woods in North Georgia, so he has a lot of ground to cover. We have natural woods, leaves and limbs on the ground, rocks, etc., and so it needs to detect for a reasonable depth. I do not want to go over $200; what would you recommend? Or will I need to spend more than $200?

    • Hi Alvalee. $200 is a bit low, but should be fine for an 11-yr old. I’d probably look at the Tesoro Compadre or Fisher F22.

  11. Hi Mark,

    I live in the state of Washington. Yes, the Pacific Northwest. I am a beginner at this. What would you suggest for me? Especially since it rains here often. My range is under 400.00.
    Thank you

    • Hi Norene. That’s a tough one because you need something with adjustable ground balance. Honestly I’d try to get a used Garrett AT Pro.

  12. Hello Mark, thanks for all the info!

    I live in Brazil on a region which has a route called “Gold Path” where lot’s of gold was transported from the mines in another state to the sea nearby. I am not sure if we have gold deposits locally but my land is high in the mountains and have lot’s of quartz veins which made me wonder about looking for the metal. Also our soil has LOTS of iron. So I would like to know what would you recommend as a device for looking for lost nuggets and treasures in this condition as well as something to look up for gold on the deeper side of quartz deposits.



  13. I have just purchased a Bounty Hunter Lone Star Pro. I live in Northern Alabama and this is my first time MDing Did not want to spend too much until I decide if I will keep doing this. Do you have any reviews or input on this detector and it’s performance as a entry level?

    v/r Mark

  14. Hey Mark what do you think of the Garrett Ace 200

    • It’s a great brand. All depends on your budget and use case.

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